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Summary: Intraoperative Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence detection by the “counter perfusion method” is a useful tool to identify hepatic segments and intersegmental planes during anatomic liver resection. We report of a 54-year old patient with recurrent cholangitis due to Caroli disease, who underwent a laparoscopic hemihepatectomy. To determine the resection line and resection plane, we injected ICG intravenously after clamping/ligating the left hepatic artery and left portal vein. Before and during resection the liver was observed under visible light and under near-infrared (NIR) light. This method allowed for precise anatomical resection of non-perfused liver segments 2,3 and 4. ICG Visualisation is useful tool in laparoscopic liver resection.