Transactions on Additive Manufacturing Meets Medicine
Vol 2 No 1 (2020): Trans. AMMM
https://doi.org/10.18416/AMMM.2020.2009026

Medical Phantoms for Planning, Training, and Quality Assurance

Exploring realistic haptics for 3D-printed organ phantoms in surgery training in VR and AR

Main Article Content

Thomas Lück (cirp GmbH, department research and development, Heimsheim, Germany), Hans Nopper (cirp GmbH, department research and development, Heimsheim, Germany), Olav Schendel (cirp GmbH, department research and development, Heimsheim, Germany), Dirk Weyhe (University hospital for visceral surgery, Pius hospital Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany), Daniela Salzmann (University hospital for visceral surgery, Pius hospital Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany), Verena Uslar , Anke V. Reinschluessel (University of Bremen, Digital Media Lab, Bremen, Germany), Tanja Döring (University of Bremen, Digital Media Lab, Bremen, Germany), Thomas Muender (University of Bremen, Digital Media Lab, Bremen, Germany), Rainer Malaka (University of Bremen, Digital Media Lab, Bremen, Germany), Andrea Schenk (Fraunhofer institue for Digital Medicine MEVIS, Bremen, Germany), Christian Schumann (Fraunhofer institue for Digital Medicine MEVIS, Bremen, Germany)

Abstract

Virtual (VR) and Augmented reality (AR)  represent  excellent tools for surgeons to understand spatial relationships, to train their workflow to improve surgery results. By providing realistic haptic feedback, implementing 3D-printed organ phantoms to those tools, their benefit gets even more compelling, increasing their immersion. In this work investigates the realism of organ phantoms regarding physical hardness, touch and feel. In a user study with 12  surgeons, we evaluated casted liver phantoms in 50 %, scale of the actual liver size. Results from surgeons allowed the configuration of a measurement tool for exact exploration of realistic haptics within this context.

Article Details