Main Article Content
Introduction: The increasing importance of endovascular surgery requires the development of authentic simulation environments to test new endovascular devices and navigation systems. Objectives: Purpose of this project was the development of a simulator that mimics endovascular procedures as realistic as possible to minimize the use of animal models. Methods and Results: Using the technique of rapid prototyping we developed an endovascular simulator with exchangeable 3D-printed real vascular pathologies. Conclusion: The technique of 3D-printing opened the door to produce endovascular simulators with authentic vascular pathologies. This can reduce the use of animals for research purposes.